AskDefine | Define is

Dictionary Definition

is See be

User Contributed Dictionary

English

Etymology

From , from . The paradigm of "to be" has been since the time of Proto-Germanic a synthesis of three originally distinct verb stems. The infinitive form "to be" is from . The words "is" and "are" are both derived from Lastly, the past forms starting with "w-" such as "was" and "were" are from .

Pronunciation

  • /ɪz/, /Iz/
  • Rhymes with: -ɪz

Verb

is
  1. He is a doctor. He retired some time ago.
    Should he do the task, it is vital that you follow him.

Quotations

Translations

Is
  • Albanian: është
  • Arabic: (yukūn)
  • Armenian: նկատվել (nkatvel)
  • Bosnian: je, jest, jeste
  • Bulgarian: е
  • trreq Burmese
  • Catalan: és, està
  • Chinese: (shì)
  • Cornish:
    Kernewek Kemmyn: yw where an adjective or noun is the complement; yma in a positive statement, where a prepositional or verbal clause is the complement; usi in a negative or interrogative sentence, where a prepositional or verbal clause is the complement of a definite subject; eus in a negative or interrogative sentence, where a prepositional or verbal clause is the complement of an indefinite subject
  • Croatian: je, jest
  • Czech: je
  • Danish: er
  • Dutch: is
  • Esperanto: estas
  • Faroese: er
  • Finnish: on
  • French: est
  • Georgian: არის (aris)
  • German: ist
  • Gothic: 𐌹𐍃𐍄 (ist)
  • Greek: είναι (íne)
  • trreq Gujarati
  • Hebrew: זה, ze
  • Hindi: है (hai)
  • Hittite: ēšzi rfscript Cuneiform
  • Hungarian: van (not used except as 'to exist)
  • Icelandic: er
  • Interlingua: es
  • Irish: tá
  • Italian: è, sta
  • Japanese: です
  • trreq Kannada
  • Khmer: (jīa), (geu)
  • Korean: 이다 (ida) (copula), 있다 (itda) (to exist)
  • Latin: est
  • trreq Latvian
  • Lithuanian: yra
  • Malayalam: ആകുന്നു
  • trreq Maltese
  • trreq Marathi
  • trreq Mongolian
  • trreq Nepali
  • Norwegian: er
  • Novial: es
  • Old Church Slavonic:
  • Old English: is
  • Old High German:
  • Old Norse: ,
  • trreq Oriya
  • Persian: (æst)
  • Polish: jest
  • Portuguese: é
  • Romanian: este, e
  • Russian: есть (has a very limited usage in Russian. One of the common errors of foreigners is using forms of to be in Russian sentences as they would in their native language)
  • Sanskrit: अस्ति
  • Scottish Gaelic: tha
  • Serbian: je, jest
  • Slovak: je
  • Slovene: je
  • Spanish: es, está
  • Swedish: är
  • trreq Tamil
  • Thai: (bpen), (yòo), (keu)
  • trreq Tibetan
  • Turkish: var
  • Urdu: (he)
  • Vietnamese: (when followed by a predicate nominative); thì (but often not translated when followed by a predicate adjective); tồn tại, hiện (to exist)
  • West Frisian: is
  • Yiddish: איז (iz)

See also

Afrikaans

Verb

is
  1. am, are, is (present tense, all persons, plural and singular of wees, to be)

Dutch

Pronunciation

Verb

is
  1. is (third-person singular present tense of zijn, to be)

Hungarian

Conjunction

is

Irish

Pronunciation

  • lang=ga|[ɪsˠ],
  • lang=ga|[ ʃ ] (only the particle, and only before the pronouns é, í, iad)

Conjunction

  1. and

See also

Particle

  1. Used in present and future sentences for identification or definition of a subject as the person/object identified in the predicate of the sentence. Sometimes used with adjective predicates, especially in certain fixed idiomatic phrases. Informally equated with English is, but is not a verb.
    Is múinteoir é Dónall. (definition: predicate is indefinite)
    Dónall is a teacher.
    Is é Dónall an múinteoir. (identification: predicate is definite)
    Dónall is the teacher.
    Is féidir liom snámh. (idiomatic adjective predicate)
    I can swim.
    Is maith liom tae.
    I like tea.

See also

  • ba (used in past and conditional sentences)

Latin

Etymology 1

Second-person singular indicative of eo, ire, "to go".

Verb

is
  1. (You) go, (thou) goest

Etymology 2

Pronoun

is ; ( ea, id, p ei)
  1. he (third-person singular personal pronoun).
    Is ad me rescripsit.
    He wrote to me again.
Declension
Irregular: similar to first and second declensions, except for singular genitives ending in "-ius" and singular datives ending in "-ī".

Norwegian

Etymology

íss, from Icelandic ís.

Noun

no-noun-mu is

Old English

Etymology

From *īsa- < *ei-, *ī- ‘ice, frost’. Cognate with Old Frisian īs, Old Saxon īs (Dutch ijs), Old High German īs (German Eis), Old Norse íss (Swedish is). There are parallels in many Iranian languages, apparently from the same IE root: Avestan aēxa- ‘frost, ice’, Persian yak ‘ice’, Pashtu jaḥ ‘ice’, Ossetic их ‘ice’.

Pronunciation

  • /i:s/

Noun

  1. ice
    ofer eastreamas is brycgade: the ice formed a bridge over the streams. (Legend of St Andrew'')
  2. The runic character (/i/ or /i:/)

Derived terms

Descendants

Scots

Adverb

  1. as

Synonyms

Conjunction

  1. as

Synonyms

Pronoun

  1. me

See also

  • A
  • mei (emphatic variant)

Verb

is
  1. Third-person singular simple present form of ti be

See also

Scottish Gaelic

Conjunction

is

Verb form

is

Swedish

Etymology

íss.

Pronunciation

Noun

is (uncountable and countable)
  1. Ice; frozen water.
  2. Ice; a sheet of ice lying on a body of water.

Extensive Definition

The word "is" constitutes the third-person singular form of "to be", copula of the English language.

Abbreviations

As a two-letter abbreviation, "IS", "Is", or "is" may refer to:
  • Image stabilization, a family of techniques to reduce blur caused by lens shakes
  • Immune system, organic mechanisms that protect against disease
  • Independence Square, any of several public squares around the world
  • Independent Soldiers, a Canadian gang
  • Information science, the study of data collection, manipulation, and dissemination
  • Information system, an organization of data-processing persons, records, and activities
  • Insertion sequence, a short DNA transposable element
  • Intelligent Sport, the Lexus IS compact-sized sedan made by Toyota
  • Intelligent Systems, a first-party videogame developer and internal team of Nintendo
  • IntelliStar, a computer system used to display local forecasts on The Weather Channel
  • Intermediate school, education between primary and secondary
  • Internal security, the work of keeping domestic peace by a national force
  • International Sign, considered a pidgin sign language
  • International Socialists, any of several Trotskyist political organizations
  • Internet slang, slang terms used on the Internet and in text and instant messages
  • Interservice, between or among different branches of one nation's armed forces
  • Intersexual, an organism with sex characteristics neither exclusively male nor female
    • IS, a manga about intersexuals by Chiyo Rokuhana
  • Interstate, between states, in any of several meanings
  • Intrinsic safety, a protection technique for electronic equipment in explosive atmospheres
  • Investment/Saving equilibrium, a curve in the Keynesian IS/LM economic model
  • Iosif Stalin or Joseph Stalin, General Secretary of the Soviet Union, and namesakes:
  • Isaiah, a prophet of the Bible, and namesake:
  • Island or isle, an isolated piece of land surrounded by water
  • Ísland or Iceland (ISO 3166-1 alpha-2), a North Atlantic nation
    • ".is", Iceland's top-level Internet domain
  • Island Airlines (IATA reservation code), an American aviation firm merged into Air BC
  • Íslenska or Icelandic (ISO 639-1 alpha-2), the language of Iceland
  • Israel (NATO country code), a Middle Eastern nation
  • Istrebitel Sputnikov or interceptor of satellites, a Russian anti-satellite weapon

Words

Other words formed from the letters "is" include:
  • "is" (plural "ises"), anything factual, empirical, actual, or spatiotemporal, in is-ought philosophy
  • "is", the Anglo-Saxon form of the rune Isaz
  • Is or I's, plural of any of several meanings of "I", particularly:
  • Is or Hīt, an Iraqi town on the Euphrates
  • Is or Ys (also Ker-Ys or Ville d'Is), a mythical city of 5th-century Brittany
  • "is-" (Greek isos), a prefix similar to "iso-", meaning equal, homogeneous, or uniform
  • I"s, a manga by Masakazu Katsura with main characters Ichitaka and Iori
  • i\,s, imaginary units in the complex number system
  • s, unit vectors along the x-axis

See also

  • E-Prime, a modified English syntax and vocabulary lacking all forms of "to be"
  • Klingon language, a fictional language in the Star Trek universe lacking the verb "to be"
  • Orang Asli, a Malaysian people whose language lacks the verb "to be"
  • Sioux languages, some of which lack the verb "to be"
  • Lexus IS a performance sedan from Lexus
is in Danish: Is
is in German: IS
is in Modern Greek (1453-): IS
is in Esperanto: IS
is in French: IS
is in Korean: IS
is in Italian: IS
is in Latvian: IS
is in Dutch: Is
is in Japanese: IS
is in Kölsch: IS (Watt ėßß datt?)
is in Russian: ИС
is in Slovenian: IS
is in Finnish: Is
is in Swedish: IS
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